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All 10 Personality Disorders | Overview & Symptoms

October 3, 2019


Hi everyone! In this video I
will be discussing personality disorders. Personality disorders
are a group of mental health disorders in which an individual
has a long-term pattern of behaviors, emotions, and
thoughts that generally develop early and are inflexible.
In other words, they are characteristics that make up
your personality and who you are. So, they can be very
difficult to change. There are ten primary disorders, separated
into three categories. Cluster A (odd) includes paranoid,
schizoid, and schizotypal. Cluster B (dramatic)
includes antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic.
Cluster C (anxious) includes avoidant, dependent, and
obsessive-compulsive. Not all of these apply to me, but I will be
discussing all of them. Be sure to check the description to
go to specific ones if needed. Cluster A (odd) personality
disorders include paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal.
Common features include eccentricity, delusions, and
social and emotional withdrawal. This is probably the category
that defines me the best. All three of these very closely
resemble schizophrenia as a whole. So, if you would like to
know more about my struggle with schizophrenia, please
watch the video I made on it. Paranoid personality disorder
is characterized by paranoia, suspiciousness, and the mistrust
of others. The individual may always be on guard, observing
their surroundings for threats. Feeling as though they are in
danger when there is no evidence to suggest this. They are
hypersensitive to criticism. And, they can feel reluctant
about revealing any personal information as they feel it
will be used against them. This personality disorder
greatly applies to me. I am very paranoid and suspicious of other
people and their actions. I often misjudge who they are
and what their motives are. And, this is very much a struggle for
me since I feel as though people are going to go behind
my back and hurt me. Schizoid personality disorder is
characterized by apathy, living a solitary lifestyle, and
lack of interest with social relationships. The individual
may be more interested in their internal world versus the
external world. They may prefer being alone and have few, if
any, close friends. They may not know how to respond to social
cues. They may come off as apathetic, expressing
little to no emotion. Again, this personality disorder
very much applies to me. I prefer to be alone above
all else. I dislike social situations and close
relationships, and thus do not seek them out nor have many
friends. I do not like when people try to be my friend
because they think I need one. You don’t know just how many
people have said this sort of thing to me, and I don’t
respond to them. I don’t want a friendship with someone that
feels bad for me and thinks I need a friend to talk to.
Knowing that people care, without actually becoming
close to them, like I am doing on here, is what I prefer. Schizotypal personality disorder
is characterized by eccentric thinking, behavior, or
appearance. The individual may prefer social isolation and/or
have difficulty maintaining close relationships and relating
to people. Others may view the way they dress, speak, and/or
act as peculiar/odd. They can have grandiose delusions,
misinterpreting situations as being strange and having an
unusual meaning for them. Often lives in a world of
fantasy and daydreaming; having odd beliefs or
magical thinking. This personality disorder,
again, very much applies to me. To me, my so-called ‘odd’
thinking and behavior is normal and reasonable. What defines
‘normal’ anyway? I tend to be very socially awkward.
People look at how I act and can usually tell something is off. I
live in a world of imagination, believing in mystical/magical
things that many people do not because they think it is
odd, unusual, or unlikely. Cluster B (dramatic) personality
disorders include antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and
narcissistic. Common features include dissociation,
exaggeration, malingering, and denial and/or mendaciousness. I
can relate to borderline in this category, and
partially histrionic. Antisocial personality disorder
is characterized by a disregard for the rights of others,
manipulative behavior, and lack of empathy. Often referred to as
a sociopath. Individuals can be very irresponsible. Lying,
stealing, drug and alcohol abuse is very common. They can have a
history of crime, and impulsive and aggressive behavior.
And, they have no remorse for
their wrongdoings. I cannot relate to this one at
all. I am very empathetic and care about others. Maybe not so
much on a personal basis due to my social isolation, but as a
whole. People with antisocial personality disorder can be very
difficult to treat as they will often not see what they
are doing wrong and will blame others for their problems. Borderline personality disorder
is characterized by intense mood swings, problems with
self-worth, unstable interpersonal relationships,
and impulsive, self-destructive behavior. Individuals may
alternate between the positive and negative of others and shift
back and forth for little to no reason, making relationships
difficult. They may have intense feelings of emptiness and
loneliness. They can be paranoid and delusional. And, they
can have intense fears of abandonment, or frantic fear of
being abandoned. This fear may lead to frantic attempts to
avoid being alone by making lots of friends or holding on to
those around them, or reject others before
they are abandoned. It is interesting to note that
a large number of people with dissociative identity disorder
also fit the criteria for borderline personality disorder.
Also, bipolar disorder should not be confused with borderline
personality disorder. While there is some overlap, they
are two different illnesses. I can relate to this personality
disorder. My feelings about someone can shift very quickly.
It’s like, “Oh, I love you. No, I hate you, but I need you in my
life because you mean a lot to me. No you don’t, go away.” And,
this is so annoying. I don’t even know what I think many
times. I tend to always feel empty and unfulfilled, and I
don’t know why. I also have a very intense fear of
abandonment. Many years ago it was at the point where I would
try to have many friends. Not personal or anything. I would
just want to be friends with everyone on Facebook that I
saw in school. When they didn’t accept my friend request I would
freak out because I thought they hated me, even though they
didn’t even know me. I would even freak out and become so
depressed and cry when someone would remove me as a friend on
Facebook. I kept a list of all my friends and when I saw the
number drop I went through the list to find out who it was and
it upset me so badly. Now, my outlook has changed to where I
cut the person out of my life before they get too close so I
can avoid that abandonment altogether. That way I am not
hurt. But, this leaves me with like no friends at all. When it
comes to the Facebook thing, I block all the people I had as
friends so they don’t threaten me any longer. It’s
very frustrating. Histrionic personality disorder
is characterized by excessive need for approval,
attention-seeking, and inappropriately seductive
behavior. Individuals may have very intense and
unstable emotions and distorted self-image. Uncomfortable unless
the center of attention, and will overreact to become the
center of attention. They are constantly seeking reassurance
and approval from others. And, are often self-centered,
seeming fake or shallow. I will admit, there is a part
of me that I would say is like this. There have been times that
I feel as though I need to be the center of attention. I have
done things that are shocking to get a reaction out of people,
because I want them to talk to me. Even if it’s negative, I
want the attention. I am also someone who is constantly in
need of reassurance and approval from others. Deep down though,
all of this is not me, so it is very frustrating and confusing.
However, I would say that this is mostly because I feel
very unloved. I don’t feel like anyone accepts me. Even
if they tell me they do, I need the reassurance. Narcissistic personality
disorder is characterized by an abnormal love for oneself,
feeling superior and important, and preoccupation with power and
success. Often referred to as egotistical or arrogant.
Individuals may be very insecure with low self-esteem and a
distorted self-image. They cover it up by putting others down and
thinking they are superior. They exaggerate their talents
and achievements. And, they seek
constant attention. This does not apply to me at
all. However, I believe we can all be conceited at times, but
not to this severity. I think most of my self-centeredness
and arrogance comes from my delusions. Thinking I am
important in some way, that everyone knows about my amazing
abilities and talents and wants them for themselves. Most of
this is related to the grandiose delusions I have. I don’t, nor
do people that really know me, consider my behavior to be
narcissist. But, it’s a shame that other disorders can make
one appear that way at times. Cluster C (anxious) personality
disorders include avoidant, dependent, and
obsessive-compulsive. Common features include loneliness,
fearfulness, and controlling and/or passive-aggressive
behavior. I can relate to avoidant and
obsessive-compulsive in this category. Avoidant personality disorder is
characterized by extreme social isolation, sensitivity
to negative criticism and rejection, and feelings of
inadequacy. Individuals may feel unwelcome or isolated in social
situations. They have a very low threshold for criticism. And,
perhaps an inferiority complex. They feel uncomfortable,
anxious, and lonely. This personality disorder very
much applies to me. I try to avoid social situations at all
cost. I am very hypersensitive to criticism, even constructive
criticism, and have a very bad inferiority complex. Going
back to schizoid personality disorder, many times I prefer to
be alone and not have any close relationships and it doesn’t
bother me at all. But, there are many other times that I do wish
to be close to someone since I get very lonely. That is the
key difference between the two. Someone with schizoid
personality disorder has no interest in relationships and
closeness. While people with avoidant personality disorder
may want relationships and closeness, but avoid it because
they feel inferior and will be criticized. I experience both
of these very often and it is very difficult to deal with. Dependent personality disorder
is characterized by emotional dependence on others.
Individuals may have difficulty making their own decisions
without consulting others. They can be very needy, clingy, and
fear separation and being alone. They have intense fears of
abandonment, and may jump right into a new relationship when
one ends. They can display submissive behavior and
tolerate abuse from others so they don’t feel alone. I cannot really say this one
applies to me. I do not really fear being alone, at least not
so much any more. Though I think I can be very needy at times,
but that’s because I do not want to lose those that are around
me because I fear abandonment. Though I would never endure
abuse from someone. If someone is abusing me in any way, then
they need to get out of my life. I’m not going to
keep them around. Obsessive-compulsive personality
disorder is characterized by perfectionism, orderliness, and
inflexibility. Individuals may plan out all activities in
advanced. They have anxiety about changing their rigid
routine. May have very strict standards and not be willing to
allow others to do tasks. And, can become emotionally
withdrawn when unable to control a situation. Obsessive-compulsive personality
disorder should not be confused with obsessive-compulsive
disorder. While they are similar, the key difference is
that people with OCPD usually find pleasure in perfecting
a task and feel like their behavior is rational and
desirable. While those with OCD find their obsessions and
habits to be unwanted, time-consuming, and stressful. I would say I have both OCPD and
OCD. I did make a video on OCD if you would like to check that
out. Anyway, I would say that I find some of my obsessions and
compulsions to be fulfilling, such as perfecting a task.
But, many times I find it distressing. They take up
so much of my time that it’s frustrating. Even when it comes
to perfectionism and having things orderly, I do enjoy the
feeling of things being perfect in my eyes. There is a sense of
accomplishment and fulfillment there. But, a lot of times this
behavior is very unhealthy for me since I focus on the details
and spend so much time at perfecting it that I lose sight
of what it was supposed to be. For example, when doing
these videos, I study each and everything so carefully that it
takes a lot of my time. When I upload it and then discover some
trivial mistakes, I get really upset. I really want to delete
the video, fix the mistakes, and reupload it. But, I would
lose all views and comments and everything else. Though, I would
feel a sense of accomplishment from doing this despite how much
stress it causes me by wanting and needing to do this. So, I hope this video
was informative. Thanks for watching!

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